Church of San Blas

Temple of the sun


The Plaza de Santo Domingo is in the present precinct of the temple and convent of Santo Domingo, built on the remains of the Qorikancha and extends until Av.


According to the Inca conception, Qorikancha was the religious center of Cusco, geographic and political center. The temple of the Qorikancha, was the place where it yielded pleitesía to the maximum Inca god the "Inti" (sun). "Qori" means worked gold, its Castilian form is cori. "Kancha" means surrounded place, limited by walls. From where it is had that the name corresponds approximately "enclosed place that contains gold"... .


The description made by Garcilaso de la Vega, guarda armonía con lo que hoy se mantiene en pie. Aunque esta sea solamente un pálido reflejo de lo que en realidad fue el Qorikancha en tiempos de los incas.

- The Temple pf the Sun

Fue el Templo principal de todo el Qorikancha, ocupaba más de la mitad del ancho de la actual Iglesia de Santo Domingo. Cuenta Garcilaso que dentro de este templo se encontraban los cuerpos embalsamados de los hijos del Sol puestos por antigüedad en sillas y sobre tablas de oro, las paredes estaban cubiertas con planchas de oro, existiendo un disco representando la figura del Sol de una plancha de oro más gruesa que las otras planchas que cubrían el templo. Por el extremo occidental corresponde al actual tambor con vista a la Av. Sol; su extremo oriental llegaba hasta el actual atrio de la iglesia.

- The temple of the moon

This temple was closer to the Temple of the Sun, since the Moon was considered the wife of the Sun. This building was lined with planks of silver, with the representation of the Moon made of silver. Inside, the mummies of the Coyas placed in order of antiquity were kept. Approximately half of the Temple was demolished by the Spaniards to build the nave of the church of Santo Domingo. It occupies part of the western side of the inner courtyard of Qorikancha.

- El Templo of Venus and the stars

It is close to the Temple of the Moon, but separated by a beautiful alley, dedicated to Venus and the seven goats and all other stars. To Venus the Incas called "Chasca" that means star. In this temple the Inca was placed, according to references of the historians, so that they were divinized or to witness parties or sacrifices realized in the rectangular patio. It occupies part of the western side of the inner courtyard of Qorikancha.

- The temple of Illapa or Chuki Illapa

Illapa or ChukiIllapa mean at the same time lightning, lightning and thunder. The temple in front is the temple of Venus, has three simple jamb doors, equidistant and slightly trapezoidal, also has a window in each side wall.

- The Temple of K'uychi or Arco Iris

In this temple cult of the Rainbow was surrendered, that according to the ancient belief, came from the Sun. It has identical architectural characteristics that the Temple of Illapa. A part of this temple was demolished by the Spaniards to construct the buildings of the Convent of the Dominicans. It is to the north of the Temple of Illapa and in front of the Temple of the Moon, east side of the interior courtyard of the Qorikancha.

- IntiPampa

Almost all the peoples of the world, in all ages, in front of their temples built ample plazas. Intipanpa or Intipampa (name that is translated like Planicie of the Sun) is the place where the nobles remained their courts, service personnel, dancers, etc. When in the course of festivals the Inca and nobility moved to Qorikancha. This place currently corresponds to the Plaza de Santo Domingo, apparently its limits and extension have hardly undergone any variation. It is the North of what was the Qorikancha.

- The Solar Garden

It became the great deposit of offerings that of all the subdued and confederate nations brought for the Sun god, the offerings consisted of representations of flora and fauna of the Tahuantinsuyo. According to some historians, these offerings made in gold and silver were of natural size and were so many that filled in a surprising way and in such number the andenerías that the Spaniards called the Solar Garden. In colonial times it became an orchard of the Dominican friars. It is located in the western part of the Qorikancha, can be seen from the Av. Sol in all its extension.

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